Andrés Núñez Leites

Nov 1, 2019

Lacalle Pou (in Uruguay) is the beginning of the lef to right-wing transition, with a short political life expectancy, because of its neoliberal profile (which starves the proletarian and non-proletarian plebs). Then the neoliberal left will return and will fail in the same terms as the current one that is governing, probably. Then the future, in the medium term, will bring something Manini(a right-wing protectionist)-style. If the right-wing party manages to get rid of those linked to the last dictatorship, if it builds a good system to detect and purge small groups of young neo-Nazis and neo-fascists (such as those who have sometimes sneaked into the Partido Nacional, neoliberal right-wing, until they did some fiasco that betrayed them and caused their expulsion), and if it makes more emphasis on economic nationalism, it will have a wide open political field to seed and grow. Why? Because both the neoliberal right and the neoliberal left have abandoned the national bourgeoisies (whose small and medium enterprises generate the bulk of employment, both in the countryside and in the city) and have relied on the economic power of the transnational Corporations.

The neoliberal left, now in the government, resolves this shift with social plans for the non-proletarian plebs, identity policies, salary increase for the proletarian plebs and external indebtedness. The neoliberal right, probably assuming the government in a few months, resolves it by starving the proletarian plebs, starving and repressing the non-proletarian plebs, not touching the "rights agenda" too much, and with external indebtedness. The right that rises in Europe and here barely shows its head -a phenomenon that is poorly read by the local left as dictatorial remorse or fascistoid irrationality of people anxious of order- combines immigration regulation, cultural conservatism (against identity policies and the social and cultural engineering of the left in general) and economic anti-globalism.

Protectionist rights emerge from the decline of state sovereignty, because the current integration of capitalism as a world system only requires national states as managers, as land preparers for Corporations and that right may also find their limit and their inevitable failure in that hardly irreversible decline of state sovereignty. For now, there are no "sustainable" rivals on the left. And options such as economic decline or ecosocialism do not even participate in the debate, beyond small intellectual circles.